June 20, 2024

About the Author: Stefan Joubert

Stefan Joubert is the manager of The London Cello Institute. He truly believes that no one is too old or not talented enough to learn the cello. He is your first port of call for anything cello lessons related. You can contact him at enrol@londoncelloinstitute.co.uk

No matter how advanced or skilled you become in playing the cello, revisiting the basics is a crucial part of maintaining and improving your musical prowess.

Just as athletes constantly work on fundamental exercises to stay in top form, cellists must frequently return to foundational techniques to ensure their playing remains polished and precise.

Here are some key areas to focus on as you reconnect with the basics of cello playing.

Man playing cello

Why Go Back to Basics?

Returning to the basics is essential for reinforcing good habits and correcting any bad ones that may have developed over time.

It allows you to refine your technique, improve your tone quality, and prevent injuries caused by poor posture or excessive tension.

Revisiting foundational skills can also help you approach more advanced repertoire with greater ease and confidence.

Woman playing cello outside

Which Basics Should You Focus On?

Posture and Positioning

Proper posture is the cornerstone of effective cello playing. Ensuring that your body is correctly aligned can prevent injury and enhance your sound quality.

  • Sitting Position: Sit at the front of your chair with your feet flat on the ground. Your knees should be bent at a right angle, and the cello should rest comfortably between your knees.
  • Back and Shoulders: Keep your back straight and shoulders relaxed. Avoid hunching or slumping, as this can cause tension and affect your playing.
  • Neck and Head: Maintain a neutral neck position, with your head balanced on your spine. Avoid tilting your head excessively.

Bow Hold and Arm Movement

The way you hold and move the bow significantly impacts the sound you produce. Revisiting your bow hold and arm technique can refine your tone and control.

  • Bow Hold: Ensure your thumb is bent and placed against the frog, with your fingers curved and relaxed. The index finger applies pressure while the pinky balances the bow.
  • Arm Movement: Focus on smooth, controlled movements from the shoulder, elbow, and wrist. Avoid excessive tension in your hands and fingers.

Left Hand Technique

Your left-hand plays a vital role in intonation and articulation. Paying attention to finger placement and hand position can improve your accuracy and agility.

  • Finger Placement: Press down firmly but gently on the strings with your fingertips. Ensure each finger is curved and strikes the string at a right angle.
  • Hand Position: Keep your wrist straight and avoid collapsing it. Your thumb should remain loose and positioned behind the neck, opposite your second finger.

Scales and Arpeggios

Scales and arpeggios are the building blocks of musical pieces. Practising them regularly can enhance your finger dexterity and familiarity with the instrument.

  • Daily Routine: Incorporate scales and arpeggios into your daily practice routine. Start with basic major and minor scales, then progress to more complex patterns.
  • Slow Practise: Begin slowly to ensure accuracy and gradually increase the speed as you become more comfortable.

Tone Production

Producing a beautiful tone is a fundamental aspect of cello playing. Reassessing your approach to tone production can lead to a richer, more expressive sound.

  • Bow Speed and Pressure: Experiment with different bow speeds and pressures to find the optimal balance for a clear, resonant tone.
  • Contact Point: Pay attention to the point where the bow makes contact with the string. Adjusting this point can alter the timbre and volume of your sound.

Musicality and Expression

While technical skills are essential, musicality and expression bring your playing to life. Returning to the basics can help you reconnect with the emotional aspect of music.

  • Phrasing: Consider the phrasing and dynamics of each piece. Think about the musical line and how you can shape it to convey emotion.
  • Listening: Listen to recordings of professional cellists to gain inspiration and insights into expressive playing.

Woman playing cello

Additional Tips for Focusing on Basics

Mindful Practise

Mindful practise involves being fully present and focused during your practise sessions. This approach can lead to more effective and enjoyable practise.

  • Set Goals: Define clear, achievable goals for each practice session. This can help you stay motivated and track your progress.
  • Take Breaks: Avoid over-practising. Take regular breaks to rest and prevent fatigue.

Seek Feedback

Regularly seeking feedback from a teacher or mentor can provide valuable insights into areas that need improvement. Constructive criticism can help you identify and address issues you might not notice on your own.

Record Yourself

Recording your practice sessions and performances can be a powerful tool for self-assessment. Listening back allows you to hear your playing from a different perspective and identify areas for improvement.

Woman playing cello


Returning to the basics is not a sign of regression but a vital part of progressing as a cellist.

Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned player, revisiting fundamental techniques can refine your skills and elevate your playing to new heights.

Embrace the journey back to basics with your cello playing, and you will discover a deeper connection with your cello and your music.

Share This Story, Choose Your Platform!


Join London’s most distinguished cello academy for adults

Exclusive music instruction for adults of all ages and abilities (absolute beginners are very welcome!)